Congenital Heart Disease Symptoms in Children
Symptoms of congenital heart diseases in children appear with different signs and symptoms in different age groups.
Heart disease in children is a life-threatening disease that can cause loss of vital functions and loss of the patient at any age. In this group of diseases, there are symptoms such as difficulty in breathing, bruising, enlarged heart, decreased blood pressure and increased heart rate, which we call respiratory distress. In some of the congenital heart diseases that occur in the neonatal period, if the correct diagnosis and treatment is not applied after birth, it can cause loss of function of different organs or loss of life. In later age periods, depending on the type and severity of the disease, growth and development can be delayed, fatigue in activities that require effort, development of respiratory failure symptoms, swelling in different parts of the body and extremities, and in the last period, the loss of the patient in advanced stages of heart failure.
Signs and symptoms in the newborn period: the number of respirations that should be in the baby is higher than normal (rapid breathing), there is an intermittent feeding effort, which is described as getting tired quickly during sucking or feeding, therefore, there is a desire to feed by intermittent rest, there is no weight gain that should be gained, and the body has various problems. bruising, especially around the mouth and inside the mouth, can be considered uneasiness.
In infants; After the newborn period, the expected growth-development steps, that is, weight and height measurements, should be controlled with appropriate development curves. In order to evaluate the effort capacity, cardiological control is required in the case of motor activities, i.e., fatigue during and after the exercises, rapid breathing, difficulty in breathing and accompanying bruising in the mouth and tongue with the lips, and in the case of frequent respiratory system infections.
Complaints that are often called decreased performance in exercise and sports activities, fatigue, growth arrest or absence, fainting or fainting, chest pain or tightness during exercise, fast heart beat or palpitation are common heart disease findings in toddlers and older children.
Some childhood heart diseases may have no signs or symptoms. Pediatricians may have examination findings such as a heart murmur that can only be detected in healthy child controls. In the group of congenital heart diseases that do not show symptoms in the early period, the diseases progress insidiously and cause delay in treatment with the use of body support mechanisms and the use of body reserves. Although there are no signs of disease in the last case, diseases can be suspected with some examination findings that can be determined by pediatricians. After these findings, when the body support mechanisms lose their strength, the symptoms and signs of the disease become evident, but in this case, unfortunately, it can be stated that the patient’s chance of treatment decreases.